Trientalis borealis or commonly known as star flowers is a wildflower that is native to the forests and woods of North America.
People typically find this wildflower in birch and tamarack bogs, growing in sandy swamps and the sheltered soil at the borders of woodlands.
This species cultivates perfectly in pristine areas where human activity does not exist like the southern mountains of Appalachian.
Now we will talking about 5 Types of Star Flowers Suitable for Planting in the Garden or at Home
- 1 5+ Star Flower Images for Each Popular Type
- 2 General Information of Starflower and Its Common Sizes
- 3 How to Care for Star Flowers in the Garden
- 4 General Tips to Propagate Starflower Properly
- 5 Starflower Grooming, Maintenance & Possible Problems
5+ Star Flower Images for Each Popular Type
Star flowers are available in several different types and colors, offering various choices for your outdoor and indoor gardens.
These simple and serene flowers mostly bloom in part shade to full sun. Since they are not edible, people tend to cultivate them for adorning their garden only.
However, some people believe that the flowers have medicinal uses such as to treat ailments of the eye.
White Star Flower
When you talk about this species, it may refer to Spring Starflower as the bulbous perennial produces white star-shaped blossoms.
This type of star flowers can reach up to 25 cm tall and is very drought-tolerant. However, you should keep it moist during its growing season.
Both the leaves and blooms of Spring Starflower are slightly scented. Try to plant this species in the beginning to mid-spring for the best result.
Star of Bethlehem Flower
Also known as orange star flower, this bulbous perennial is a member of the Hyacinth family that forms big clumps of strap-like foliage in no time.
While it has more than 200 species, most of the native European ones can withstand moderate frosts. These star flowers will produce the best blooms in full sun to partial shade in a site with slightly well-drained soil.
Star of Bethlehem is an easy-to-grow flower that typically lives long as it is trouble-free and deer resistant.
Western Star Flower
If are looking for a beautiful spring bloom to grow in shady areas, Western starflower makes a great solution.
With white to pink flowers that float on top of the leaves’ whorl, the plant is indeed wonderful to use as perennial groundcovers in any garden.
Similar to other types of star flowers, this species is also drought tolerant and requires dry to moist environments. Moreover, Western starflower has a spreading, upright habit and will produce white to pink blossoms.
Purple Star Flower
This small bulbous perennial features lovely, star-shaped violet flowers that bring some fragrance to your garden. It is safe to say that the plant is one of the spring starflower cultivars that also come in white or light blue variants.
Growing these striking star flowers is pretty easy as long as you have medium, well-drained soils in an area that receives full sun to part shade.
You can cut these pretty flowers for indoor decoration or simply enjoy them from your garden.
Northern Star Flower
Popular for its small white flowers, the Northern starflower is a lovely perennial that can grow around 5-10 inches tall. The flowers of this starflower can bloom individually or in a cluster of two to three at the end of spring and the beginning of summer.
Different from the broad-leaved starflower variety, this species features white blossoms and has some leaves on the stem. Wet habitats like swamps, muskeg, boggy forests, damp meadows, and bogs are the main habitat of these star flowers.
Sun Star Flower
If your garden craves exotic color that can enliven the mood, the vibrant orange of the sun starflower is ready for the challenge.
Provide your sun star plant a sun-drenched site with well-drained soil to let it grows prosperously. The species may reach 30 to 38 cm tall in its ideal conditions.
Therefore, to promote strong root development, don’t forget to sprinkle some fertilizer on the plant’s first growing season. Sun star flower meaning itself refers to its characteristic that is different from others of the genus.
General Information of Starflower and Its Common Sizes
The meaning of this perennial herb’s name refers to its beautiful, singular star-shaped flowers. Meanwhile, its genus term, Trientalis, comes from a Latin word which means one-third of a foot, referring to the height of the plant.
Trientalis borealis can grow 5-20 cm in height with several small, pale green foliages that look like lance or oblong.
How to Care for Star Flowers in the Garden
Then, how to cultivate Trientalis borealis properly? An area that receives dappled sunlight around six to eight hours per day is the most ideal setting for this woodland wildflower.
Star flowers are typically winter hardy in Zones 3-7. Even though the plant is capable to withstand temperatures above 38 degrees Celsius, it prefers a place with cool summers.
In terms of soil, grow it in a well-draining, acidic one that mimics a woodland setting. Mix in peat or sand to make sure excellent drainage.
Furthermore, you should not let the soil soggy even it requires a consistently moist setting.
You can water the plant deeply either early in the morning or in the evening. Doing so can help the water to soak in perfectly instead of evaporating.
Besides, try to top the plant with organic compost or mulch to keep it properly fed.
General Tips to Propagate Starflower Properly
Most types of star flowers are self-seed and they typically spread underground through rhizomes.
To cultivate this plant from seed, you just need to sow it directly into prepared soil. Consider doing so in autumn once the first frost passed and coat evenly with mulch.
Don’t forget to get the starflower seeds from a private collector instead of collecting them on public lands.
Starflower Grooming, Maintenance & Possible Problems
For grooming and maintenance, just make sure to deadhead the blooms before they turn into seed pods if you do not want the plant to self-seed.
If you grow starflower species that are native to North American, they tend to be carefree once well-established.
Luckily, star flowers are not prone to disease and pest issues. Just make sure to avoid excessive watering or expose them with poorly draining soil as their rot may root.
To sum up, this wonderful, endangered wildflower can be a perfect option to make your garden feel more natural. With different types of star flowers available, you just need to pick your favorite, grow it, and enjoy these lovely perennials afterward.